Retezat National Park

A mountain with all superlatives, whether we refer to the rich waters, to the more than 20 peaks over 2000 m high, to the dozens of alpine lakes, to the virgin woods and the life inhabiting it.

This mountain is Retezat Mountain, identified by some sources with Kogaion ai??i?? the sacred mountain of the Dacians. More than 70 years ago, the feeling of heaven while crossing its valleys or heights made the scientists especially the eminent professor Alexandru Borza, from the University of Cluj, to want to create in these mountains the first national park of the country, and in 1935 it was born: Retezat National Park. Professor Borza had never stopped calling Retezat in other way than the ai???sacred natureai??i??s monumentai???. At first having approximately 100 sq km (10.000 ha), the area of the park fluctuated in time between 10,000 ha and 54,000 ha, and now, according to the law Retezat National Park has 38,138 ha. Although it is a rather small mountain area and one would expect certain uniformity, the natural habitats of the park are very different, forming a truly wild mosaic.

Here we find alpine meadows full of flowers, bushes like rhododendrons, azaleas, cranberry and blueberry, rocks ai??i?? the habitat for interesting groups of plants and animals, junipers with the most beautiful arollas in the Romanian Carpathians, boreal and subalpine coniferous forests, mountain foliaceous forests, aquatic habitats like the famous glacial lakes, hundreds of creeks and peateries that amaze us with the rich and rare flora and with the shrubs on river valleys. Retezat is part of the Carpathian Ecoregion, which is considered, through the Global 200 project of the World Wide Fund for Nature ai??i?? WWF as being a critically endangered ecoregion.

Forests occupy about 49% of the Park, 4800 ha of which is considered by specialists as almos-virgin and virgin forest, a unique area among the other European parks. Recently, WWF experts and “Greenpeace” found here the Last Intact Forest Landscape in Central and South Europe.

Unfortunately, such Cost for bactrim a wonderful area is affected by the appearance of a new type of habitat, namely, the one represented by Gura Apei Storage Lake, an ugly “cavity” appeared in an age of megalomania whose effects prevent us to be, at least morally, at the same level as when the park was created.

 

Runcu Gorge Reserve

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